Stops are consonants formed by completely stopping the flow of air somewhere in the vocal apparatus, and then releasing the air. Since the sudden release of the pent-up air creates a small explosive sound, stops are also called plosives. Stops may be voiced (vocal cords vibrating during the articulation of the stop) or voiceless (vocal cords not vibrating during the articulation of the stop). Here is a list of the stops in Present-Day English.
1. /p/ (the phoneme spelled p in pat): voiceless bilabial stop.
2. /b/ (the phoneme spelled b in bat): voiced bilabial stop.
3. /t/ (the phoneme spelled t in tot): voiceless alveolar stop.
4. /d/ (the phoneme spelled d in dot): voiced alveolar stop.
5. /k/ (the phoneme spelled c in cap): voiceless velar stop.
6. /g/ (the phoneme spelled g in gap): voiced velar stop.
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