The mid vowels of Present-Day English are the vowels that are articulated with the jaw approximately in the middle of its range of vertical motion--that is, with the mouth about half open.
1. /e/ (the phoneme spelled ai in bait): mid front vowel.
2. /e/ (the phoneme spelled e in bet): mid front vowel. This vowel is articulated slightly lower and slightly further back than is the preceding vowel /e/.
3. /o/ (the phoneme spelled oa in boat): mid back vowel.
4. /ô/ (the phoneme spelled au in caught): mid back vowel. This vowel is articulated slighter lower and slightly further forward than is the preceding vowel /o/.
5. /'/ (the phoneme spelled u in but): mid central vowel.
[Return to "Vowels"]