THE CONSONANT "H"

/h/

EARLY MODERN ENGLISH THROUGH PRESENT-DAY ENGLISH

SOURCE: ME /h/

Voiceless velar fricative

The consonant /h/ has been stable from EME through PDE.

CONSONANT
EME /h/
PDE /h/
SPELLING
h
h
EXAMPLE
hand
hand

SOUND

CHANGES AFFECTING /h/

EME /h/

Loss of ME allophones (palatal fricative, forceful velar fricative)

Merging of ME allophones with EME /f/

Spelling pronunciation in loanwords