THE CONSONANT "ETH"

/ð/

MIDDLE ENGLISH THROUGH PRESENT-DAY ENGLISH

SOURCE: OE /q/ , medially in the vicinity of voiced phonemes; EME /d/ [See "Early Middle English Alternation of /d/ and /ð/" .]

Voiced interdental fricative

The consonant /ð/ has been stable from ME through PDE.

CONSONANT
ME /ð/
EME /ð/
PDE /ð/
SPELLING
þ, ð, th, y
th, þ, y
th
EXAMPLE
bathe
bathe
bathe

SOUND

CHANGES AFFECTING /ð/

EME /ð/

Alternation with /d/