OLD ENGLISH VOWELS

Vowels Diphthongs
Front Central Back

[The symbol /'/ ("schwa") stands for the mid-central vowel. The /'/ is not phonemic in OE. Here it indicates a central glide from the first element of the diphthong.]

High

/i/, /i:/

 


/y/
, /y:/


/u/, /u:/
 

'/, /æ:'/

/e'/, /e:'/

Mid
/e/, /e:/
  /o:/,/o/   /i'/, /i:'/
Low /,/æ:/ /a/, /a:/
[The diphthongs /i'/, /i:'/ existed early in OE, but by the 10th century had fallen together with /i/, /i:/. See "Breaking" , "Palatal Diphthongization" , and "Umlaut" .]