OLD ENGLISH "SHORT E"

SOURCE
CHANGE

/e/

Spelling: e

eft "again"
feðer "feather"

Mid, front, tense unrounded short vowel. The vowel of PDE bet.

SOUND

CHANGE
REFLEX
Germanic */e/
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ME /e/
OE /æ/ Umlaut Lengthening before consonants OE /e:/ , ME /e/
OE /a/ + nasal Umlaut Lengthening in open syllables ME /e:/
OE /o/ Umlaut ME diphthongization ME /æi/
OE /y/ Unrounding Breaking OE /e'/
Palatal diphthongization OE /i'//>OE /i/