OLD ENGLISH "LONG EA"

SOURCE
CHANGE

/æ:'/

Spelling: ea

east "east"
neat "cattle"

Diphthong: OE /æ:/ + unstressed middle vowel /'/. The vowel of PDE bad, lengthened, + the vowel of PDE bud.

SOUND

 

CHANGE
REFLEX
Germanic */au/
>>>>
Smoothing ME /e:/
OE /æ:/ Breaking Umlaut OE /y:/
OE /æ:/ Palatal diphthongization ME diphthongization ME /eu/