OLD ENGLISH "LONG A"

SOURCE
CHANGE

/a:/

Spelling: a

agan "to own"
ban "bone"

Low, central, unrounded long vowel. The vowel of PDE father.

SOUND

 

CHANGE
REFLEX
Germanic */ai/
>>>>
>>>>
ME /a:/
Rounding of ME /a:/
ME /ô:/
Umlaut OE /æ:/
Shortening ME /a/
ME diphthongization ME /ôu/