MIDDLE ENGLISH "LONG U"

SOURCE
CHANGE

/u/

Spelling: u, ou, ov, ow, ogh, o3

ule "owl"
toun "town"

High, back, tense rounded long vowel. Vowel of PDE boot.

SOUND

CHANGE
REFLEX
OE /u:/
>>>>
Great Vowel Shift EME /'u/
OE /u/ Lengthening before consonants Influence of /r/ EME /u/
OE /ug/, /u:g/ ME Diphthongization