MIDDLE ENGLISH "LONG OPEN E"

SOURCE
CHANGE

/e:/

Spelling: e, ee

ern "eagle"
ye "yes"

Mid, front, unrounded long vowel. Vowel of PDE there or French fête.

SOUND

CHANGE
REFLEX
OE /æ:/
>>>>
Great Vowel Shift EME /e/
OE /e/ Lengthening in open syllables Influence of /r/ EME /e/
OE /æ:'/ Smoothing