MIDDLE ENGLISH "LONG A"

SOURCE
CHANGE

/a:/

Spelling: a, aa

a "always"
name "name"

Low, central, unrounded long vowel. Vowel of PDE father.

SOUND

CHANGE
REFLEX
OE /a:/
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Great Vowel Shift EME /e/
OE /a/

Lengthening before consonants

Lengthening in open syllables

Old French /a:/
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