MIDDLE ENGLISH "SHORT A"

SOURCE
CHANGE

/a/

Spelling: a

ac "but"
catte "cat"

Low, central, unrounded short vowel. Vowel of PDE father, but shorter; vowel of Modern High German Mann.

SOUND

CHANGE
REFLEX
OE /a/
>>>>
>>>>
EME /æ/
OE /æ/ Lowering Influence of following /l/ EME /ô/
OE /æ'/ Smoothing
OE /a:/ Shortening