EARLY MODERN ENGLISH "LONG U"

SOURCE
CHANGE

/u/

Spelling: o, u, ou, ov, oo, ough, ovgh, v, eu, ew
[See "Great Vowel Shift" ]

blood
root

High, back, tense, rounded vowel. Vowel of PDE boot.

SOUND

CHANGE
REFLEX
ME /o/ Great Vowel Shift
>>>>
PDE /u/ , PDE /U/ , PDE /'/
ME /u/ Influence of /r/
ME /eu/ Smoothing
ME /iu/ Smoothing
ME /U/ + ME /h/ Compensatory lengthening + Great Vowel Shift