EARLY MODERN ENGLISH "SCHWA"

SOURCE
CHANGE

/'/

Spelling: u, v (stressed);
a, e, o (unstressed)

under
cup

Mid, central, unrounded vowel. Vowel of PDE but.

[From EME on, appearing in both stressed and unstressed syllables.]

SOUND

CHANGE
REFLEX
ME /'/
>>>>
>>>>
PDE /'/
ME /U/ Unrounding
EME /I/ , EME /e/ , EME /U/ Influence of /r/
[ME /a/ , ME /e/ , ME /ô/ , and ME /U/ in unstressed syllables] Loss of quality in unstressed syllables