EARLY MODERN ENGLISH "LONG O"

SOURCE
CHANGE

/o/

Spelling: o, oo, ou, ov, ow, oa, ough, ovgh

oar
bone

Mid, back, tense rounded vowel. Vowel of PDE boat.

SOUND

CHANGE
REFLEX
ME /ô:/ Great Vowel Shift
>>>>
PDE /o/
ME /ô/ Influence of /l/
ME /o/ Influence of /r/
ME /ôu/ Smoothing
ME /ô/ + ME /h/ Compensatory lengthening + Great Vowel Shift